Влияние международных уголовных судов на формирование коллективной памяти : научный кафедральный семинар.
Докладчик - доцент Коваль Дмитрий Александрович
10 ноября 2015 года
The report is devoted to the study of collective memory and its formation by the international criminal courts. Attention is paid to the factors that make international criminal courts institutions able to influence collective memory. The concept of "collective memory" is analyzed in terms of what is memory and what influences its development. Moreover, it is studied who may form groups that may be involved in the creation of collective memory.
Several distinctive factors of international tribunals' capacity to affect collective memory are named: international courts are powerful institutions; international bodies that are vested with legitimacy; international legal institutions often deal with issues that attract public attention; international courts are restrained by evidentiary rules and the specific legal classifications etc.
Special attention is paid towards the distinction of collectivistic and individualistic societies and possible differences in the collective memory formation in such societies. It is stressed that both types of societies exist nowadays. Their formation is caused by the growth of individualism and immanentism on the one hand and exaggeration of the individuals’ insignificance and appearance of masses as a dominant form of social organization on the other hand.